What is varicose veins: localization options, the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of the disease

Arikirangi claim that varicose veins is a pathological process, in which occurs a change of the venous wall resulting in valvular insufficiency.


The exact causes of varicose veins do not yet know. On the basis of epidemiological studies have found that the pathological process affects a genetic predisposition.

Overweight as a cause of varicose veins

There are also predisposing factors, from what may appear varicose veins:

  • violation hormonal (menopause, taking estrogen);
  • the excess of weight;
  • pregnancy;
  • long static loads;
  • wear tight underwear;
  • constipation;
  • the surgery (arterio-venous bypass);
  • malformations or venous obstruction.

As it seems?

As varicose veins is the alteration of the veins, the malocclusion refers not only to diseases of the blood vessels, but also to the cosmetic problems:

  1. The patients notice first of all the appearance of a pattern on the legs or the emergence of a net of veins.
  2. Later, the veins become twisted, lifting the skin.
  3. In very advanced cases, the initial stages you can clearly see varicose veins, represent the frizz and extension of the venous vessels.

Violation of tissues trophic leads to a change of the pigmentation of the skin.

Phase (degrees)

Distinguish different stages or degrees, varicose veins. In varicose veins 1 degree in patients diagnosed so-called syndrome of heavy legs. Patients often complaint of cramps in the calf and swelling that disappears after rest.

In varicose veins 2 can occurs persistent swelling, pigmentation disorders of the skin, stagnant dermatitis. In advanced cases, in 3 degrees of the disease appear to be sores.

The value of prevention

Knowing predisposing factors, the risk of disease, it is necessary to pay attention to the prevention of varicose veins:

  • wear comfortable shoes, and body linen;
  • reduction to a minimum of work associated with the static loads and long-standing on the legs;
  • the lessons of physical education;
  • the intake of vitamins: c, E, PP;
  • fix the power supply.

If there is no possibility to change the job, which is the cause of the appearance of the disease, it is recommended that you make material of gymnastics during the day and draining massage in the evening. It will help you avoid the disease to wear elastic bandages and sensory shower.


The symptoms of varicose veins are multiple. The clinical picture depends on the course of the disease and the localization of the process.

Varicose veins of the legs

The initial signs of varicose veins are:

  • heaviness in the legs;
  • the tension in the legs;
  • fatigue when you walk;
  • spongy nature to the ankle (most often in the evening);
  • convulsions;
  • the pain in the movement increased the veins.

In women the symptoms increase before the cycle. After the rest, unpleasant sensations in the legs disappear.

Lymphatic insufficiency with varicose veins leads to the development of cellulite, dermatosclerosis, trophic ulcers, erysipelas inflammation. When expressed violations of the venous outflow of the patients complain of itching and dryness of the skin on the affected section of vienna.

Gradually, in a place trophic disturbances of the tissues, the skin thins and atrophies. Develops hyper - or hypopigmentation. With the progression of the pathological process appear cyanotic, born spots and sores.


The expression of the process in patients are the complaints:

  • greater fatigue;
  • the beating of the heart;
  • shortness of breath.

These signs are associated with increased load on the heart muscle in relation to the deposit of blood venous.

The individual reticular varicose veins of the lower limbs

Special manifestation of varicose vein disease is the varicose veins reticular. The clinical manifestations of malocclusion:

  • the local increase of temperature in the ankle area;
  • tiredness and heaviness of the legs;
  • dense subcutaneous tissue.

Esophageal varices

For varicose veins of the esophagus appears tortuous, and saccular proliferation of blood vessels. The main cause of the development of the disease is portal hypertension.

The disease manifests with the following symptoms:

  • the inflammation of the esophagus;
  • burning sensation, burp;
  • anemia;
  • difficulty in swallowing the food.

Threatening complication of malocclusion is a massive bleeding of the veins. The patient is vomiting with blood, hypotension, tachycardia, disturbances of consciousness.

Varicose veins of the uterus

Forms internal of varicose veins has varicose veins of the uterus. The main causes of variation of the veins:

  • physical exercise;
  • chronic constipation;
  • pregnancy;
  • taking hormonal contraceptives;
  • anomalies of development;
  • abortion.

Women with varicose veins of the uterus are turning with pain in the lower abdomen, disturbances of the menstrual cycle. The disease can lead to infertility.

Varicose veins the lips

This type of varicose veins in pregnancy may develop starting from the second month of pregnancy. The disease develops, if it was thrombosis of the pelvic veins or an innate angiodysplasia.

As seems to varicose veins:

  • advanced vein in the vulva;
  • scratches on skin after itching;
  • the swelling.

The disease is accompanied by dysuric disorders, arching pain in the perineum. The danger is the development of thrombophlebitis acute, rupture of the vessel damaged.

Varicose veins pelvic

The first signs of varicose veins are an annoying pain in the lower abdomen. Distinguish several variations of the current of this form of the disease:

  • varicose veins of perineum and vulva;
  • pelvic plethora venosa.

The clinical manifestations of malocclusion are the 30% of women during pregnancy. The disease is purely female malocclusion.

The plethora is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • heaviness and pain;
  • the pain during sexual intercourse;
  • dysmenorrhea;
  • disorders of urination.


Varicose veins spermatic cord in men is called varicocele. The disease leads to disruption of the venous outflow from the eggs. Patients have complaints of pain in the scrotum, erectile dysfunction. During the inspection in the field of the eggs are visible advanced the superficial veins, the asymmetry of the scrotum. The causes of the development of the disease are:

  • physical exercise;
  • the congenital insufficiency of the connective tissue;
  • cancer space retroperitoneal space or pelvis.

With the progression of malocclusion is broken spermatogenesis, leading to infertility. The disease may be complicated by hemorrhage of the affected vessels.

Varicose dermatitis

In addition to characteristic clinical symptoms progressive of varicose veins, you should note the complication – stagnant dermatitis. In patients in the skin over the slain of the veins begins ... the vascularity decreases and scream. In areas of inflammation appear spots of a dark color or clear, and flaking.

The localization of the dermatitis – the shin and the ankle area. When scratches the pathological process extends to the healthy tissue. If the problem is ignored, the inflammation passes into eczema varicoso.

Varicose veins eczema

The inflammation has a character ostinato pattern with periods of remission and relapses. The defeat of the skin-treated heavy even after penektomie. Because of disorders of the microcirculation, the liquid part of the blood that filters through the walls of the affected blood. In the area above of varicose veins vein appears to be swelling and wetlands.

In the foot are the bubbles filled with serous or-stained. When scratches, wounds will become infected. The merger, the small bubbles formed papules. After the autopsy the vesicle, appear in the crust. A place of healing thinning and covered with scales. In a period of exacerbation of the vesicles as soon as they occur. The progression of the malocclusion leads to the formation of venous ulcers.

Pain as a sign of disease

The pain in the legs

Often patients complain of pain when varicose veins, which is enriched with palpation struck the ship. In the initial stages of a sign is manifested slightly. A person feel weak and pulling at the pain at the end of the day. In the morning after rest, the symptoms will disappear. In the later stages the pain occurs during the night.

The classic manifestation of varicose veins is considered to be a combination of pain and cramps during the night or after prolonged, standing.

The characteristic location of the pain in varicose veins of the legs:

  • adaderana area;
  • the area of trophic ulcers;
  • the calf of the leg.

If one combines the rise of the temperature, this may indicate the beginning of an inflammatory process in vienna – thrombophlebitis.


Vascular asterisks called telangiectasias. Manifests the malocclusion, the extension of small subcutaneous blood vessels. On the skin it manifests itself in the form of a grid blood purple or red. Causes of spider veins can be not only the venous insufficiency, but also:

  • diseases of the connective tissue;
  • malocclusion of the hepatobiliary system;
  • the use of hormonal drugs;
  • the endocrine diseases.

The vascular network is manifested in the foot, the face or the area of the buttocks. Spider veins are not a disease, and act as a symptom, which is the largest aesthetic defect.

On the face

On the face the appearance of a capillary mesh they call skin. Appears to be in violation of the rheological properties of the blood, with high blood pressure or diseases of the digestive system, the negative impact of low temperatures or the abuse of alcohol.

In women the main cause of spider veins is hormonal changes. The gold standard to eliminate the defect in coagulation laser.

In the foot

On the legs, the vascular network appears as a result of venous stasis. Purple jersey often accompany varicose veins. With the progress of the disease, telangiectasias are increased. Even after the removal of the veins, capillary, the mesh remains. Ways to solve the problem are scleroderma, radiofrequency ablation, endovenous laser coagulation.

How to get rid of?

First, how to get rid of varicose veins, spend a full diagnosis. Patients showing techniques of laboratory analysis of blood and urine, the identification of reflux to the subcutaneous veins, and functional tests. Instrumental techniques prescribed:

  • duplex ultrasound or triplex scanning;
  • radiopaque venography;
  • magnetic resonance imaging venography;
  • multislice computed angiography with contrast.

After you have determined the level of varicose veins resolve the issue on the application of techniques of treatment – surgery or conservative therapy.

Who is that?

If you experience the first symptoms you need to contact a clinic to considering or the angiosurgeon. In facilities for the health district this disease deal with surgeons. It is worth to understand if the experience and the expertise of those who care for varicose veins, play a decisive role in the resolution of problems. Then it is better to turn to specialized centers.

What kind of treatment you need?

With the defeat of the blood vessels of the lower limbs apply the main methods:

  • immediate intervention;
  • therapy sclerosant;
  • the conservative treatment.
Treatment of varicose veins

In advanced cases the combined methods. When chronic venous insufficiency lesions of the valve unit of blood and signs of thrombophlebitis showed removal of the vein (flebectomia). Methods of intervention with a minimum of character infestations refer to:

  • the thermal ablation of vienna: radio frequency, laser, microwave, steam;
  • non-ablation: chemical with the help of drugs, and mechanochemical.

With the aim of reducing the symptoms of the disease prescribed systemic therapy of medications. Patients prescribed:

  • antibiotics and the inflammation and trophic ulcers;
  • antiseptic;
  • phleboprotector;
  • stimulating tissue repair;
  • anticoagulants;
  • topical steroids, trophic ulcers;
  • local application geparinoterapii drugs.

For an effective resolution of the varicose veins is compression therapy with the help of elastic bandages, Golf, tights. A popular method of the bandage is zinc-gelatinous range in trophic violations.

Who better to help you?

Medicines and bandages (knitwear) assigns only a doctor, taking account of the phases of the disease, its complications, the papal legate to the diseases and the age of the patient. Then, that the best and varicose veins, I have to say flebologo.

It is worth to understand if the only treatment of drugs does not resolve the malocclusion, as well as to wear compression stockings.

Varicose veins in the majority of cases resolve only surgically in combination with other methods of therapy.

To relieve the itching?

To get rid of itching in varicose veins, you need to know to get off the ground. Doctors prescribe moisturizing ointments, medicated (you can use the cream). In the case of strong itching and peeling skin prescribed with hormones.

Apply compresses with the decoction of herbs with anti-inflammatory effect (chamomile, calendula, sage, series, hop cones).


The consequences of varicose veins are phlebitis, trophic ulcers, thrombophlebitis, menstrual cycle disorders, erectile dysfunction, and infertility. The formation of thrombi, and hemorrhage of the affected vessels is to dangerous varicose veins.

Detached blood clots from the lower extremities to the seconds that fall in the small circle of the blood, causing thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery.

During purging without the assistance of a medical emergency, the person loses a lot of blood. All of these complications lead to disability or death without appropriate treatment.


Varicose veins refers to a malocclusion. Develops in people with a hereditary excessive static and dynamic loads, and even if their absence is prolonged.

The disease causes serious complications, so if you experience the first symptoms it is necessary to turn to considering.

From problem can only be eliminated with a holistic approach.

Patients are referred to the surgical treatments, medication, wear compression stockings and the correction of the life style.