How dangerous is it to varicose veins on the legs — the consequences of varicose veins

Varicose veins – a disease process that is characterized by an increase in the level of the blood vessels that supply the flow of blood, thinning of their walls, and deformation up to the formation of knots and breakage. For reasons of anatomic disease is more commonly found in the veins of the lower limbs.

Varicose veins

The external signs of varicose veins are not only an aesthetic problem: vascular "stars", the veins protruding the dark are only the symptoms of disorders of the circulation of the blood, which are loads dangerous to health and life consequences.

The mechanism of development of varicose veins on the legs

The mechanism of development of varicose veins associated with the decrease of functionality of the venous valves. Are subject to more mechanical stress, and then under the influence of genetic factors, hormonal jumps, inflammation in the tissues of the lower limbs and load, weaken and do not prevent the reflux of blood. The inflammation occurs on a background of the phenomena of stagnation associated with the high viscosity of the blood, physical inactivity or prolonged stay in a standing or sitting position.

The pressure of the excess volume of blood on the walls of the veins deform them, depriving them of the muscle function and the nervous the venous wall, which provide a stable tone. The stagnation of the blood, the hyperextension of the vessels and the inflammation of their walls often lead to the formation of clusters of red blood cells, which overlap the lumen of the veins.

Varicose veins on the legs, in this way, it is not a superficial problem of mechanical damage to the subcutaneous container or temporary phenomena, while the most profound violation of the circulation developed, not prone to the disease of the patient under the influence of risk factors.

The medical therapy of the disease is aimed at:

  • it tones the walls of blood vessels;
  • removal of the inflammation;
  • the liquefaction of the blood;
  • prevent the formation of blood clots.

In the absence of an adequate treatment of what is dangerous varicose veins of the lower limbs, can become a reality for each of the patients with this disease.

In 80% of cases of varicose veins of the veins of the legs are the affections of a woman. Basic, how dangerous is it to varicose veins on the legs of the women – the likelihood of early development of the disease because of hormonal changes during puberty or pregnancy. During gestation the fetus is possible only conservative therapy, does not have teratogenic effects. Additional burden for the legs, the lack of an intensive treatment and load during any attempt able to stimulate the exacerbation of the disease.

That runs the risk of varicose veins?

Usually, thrombophlebitis and other dangerous effects of varicose veins occur in the 3-stages of venous insufficiency. The symptoms of the later stages of vascular insufficiency:

    Prevent the formation of blood clots
  • the constant heaviness in the legs;
  • the swelling;
  • the darkening of the skin in the area of the ankles.

Poor circulation in the limbs, causing dermatitis, eczema, skin inflammation.

Telangiectasia – a less dangerous consequence of venous insufficiency. A condition characterized by the appearance of vascular "grids" and "stars", that are accompanied by swelling, tiredness of the legs, adjust the appearance, with sensations of numbness and nocturnal cramps in the calves. Aesthetic defect – one of the reasons why women often turn to phlebologist in the early stages of varicose veins. Trying to save the beautiful legs, the patient deal with their health.

Subcutaneous bleeding and disruption of the veins

Thrombophlebitis – thrombosis on the background of inflammation of the venous wall and stagnation of blood in the advanced ship. To developed the disease is characterized by the seal and pain on palpation (survey) struck the ship, and redness of the skin around a blood clot. Thrombophlebitis develops in approximately 25% of patients diagnosed with varicose veins. Blood clots found in superficial veins, they have a lower risk of tearing with drawing of harm to health, but in the case of the promotion of a blood clot along the subcutaneous or perforated vessel need immediate hospitalization.

The deep vein thrombosis is much more dangerous than varicose veins and thrombophlebitis. The blood clots formed in vessels deep in the legs, capable of detachment and clogging of the pulmonary artery, which leads to death. The characteristic symptoms of thrombosis deep vein – severe swelling of the limb, resulting in a short time, and the strong arching pain in the calf or thigh muscle. The spread of the pathological process in deep pots of the lower limbs can be observed in the later stages of varicose veins.

Trophic ulcer – deep defect of the dermis, which is formed in the later stages because of a violation of blood flow in the superficial layers of the skin. She is a long healing painful wound, difficult susceptible to therapy.

Varicose veins of the lower limbs is among the risk factors for the development of this disease in other blood vessels of the pelvic organs of men and women.

Treatments against the consequences of varicose veins

The treatment of complications of varicose veins on the legs, usually begins with medical therapy for primary disease.

To reduce the deformation of the blood vessels, which expand to cause a reduction of the tone, are assigned venotonic on the basis of hesperidin, diosmin, esculin etc., the present components.

Telangiectasia

Inflammation of the venous wall prescribers by a group of anti-inflammatory medication of the funds in the form of tablets and gel. The oral intake of anti-inflammatory drugs recommended during the thrombophlebitis.

By reducing the viscosity of blood is obtained with local application of ointments with anticoagulant components and oral intake of the derivative routine and the methylxanthines, which have antiagregantami property .

The surface manifestations of varicose veins on the legs (incl. telangiectasia) are solved with the method of sclerotherapy (gluing of the walls of the vessel, impressed with a special medication). The procedure does not inflict a significant damage to health and does not interrupt the flow of the blood, because in time recovery feature of the superficial veins pass deep blood.

When venous thrombosis is assigned bed rest, intravenous administration of anticoagulant drugs and antiplatelet with the control of the viscosity of the blood. The surgical treatment of the thrombosed vessels and deep thrombophlebitis (incl. great saphenous vein) is shown in the case in which, if there is a high risk of obstruction of the pulmonary artery. Treatment of trophic ulcers of the direct stimulation of wound healing and the primary therapy of the disease.

Preventive measures

The prevention of the complications of varicose veins includes these measures:

  • wear underwear of compression;
  • therapeutic exercise;
  • the exclusion of a long sitting and standing;
  • selection of shoes with heel from 2.5 to 6 cm;
  • the enrichment of the diet of fibre, source of vitamins B1, c, e, and F;
  • the respect standard water (2.5 l);
  • contrast hydrotherapy;
  • refusal of hormonal contraceptives (effect of KOK on the female body poses an increased risk of thrombosis);
  • the traditional methods (body wraps, baths, etc.).

Early diagnosis of varicose veins, timely appropriate treatment and to reduce the impact of risk factors prevents the development of complications of the disease. The application of minimally invasive surgical techniques, in some cases, allows to solve not only aesthetic problems, but also the probability of worsening of the pathological process.